Spiele mit Backgammon Live das beste online Backgammon-Spiel kostenlos! In diesem klassischen Würfelspiel kannst du dein Würfelglück und deine. What is backgammon game. Chess / Backgammon. Play with friends or against world-class AI nicht Backgammon Ace, the best free Backgammon board game! Backgammon ist eines der ältesten Brettspiele der Welt. Es handelt sich um eine Mischung aus Strategie- und Glücksspiel. Dabei gewinnt jener Spieler, der als.
Backgammonthe backgammon rule of doubling cube. Backgammon Regel des Verdoppelungswürfels. Backgammon is the doubling cube for raising the stakes. Backgammon Set - Fantastic Board Game of Strategy bei taranakigardens.com | Günstiger Preis | Kostenloser Versand ab 29€ für ausgewählte Artikel. What is backgammon game. Chess / Backgammon. Play with friends or against world-class AI nicht Backgammon Ace, the best free Backgammon board game!
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The game follows its evolution until the 16th century and takes its final name of backgammon. The doubling Cube The addition of the doubling cube is believed to have happened in New York City in some gaming club of the Lower East Side.
If he does so, he is now the owner of the cube and only he can offer to redouble again. How is backgammon played today?
Facebook Twitter. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Share via. Copy Link. What is a prime? What is my home board?
What is a closed board? The Doubling Cube What is a doubling cube? How do you use a doubling cube? Can I double if I am on the bar and closed out?
What is an automatic double? What is the Jacoby rule? What are beavers? Procedure and Etiquette How should I roll the dice? What are cocked dice? Is there a touch-move rule in backgammon?
When is my turn over? What if I make an illegal move? Backgammon Notation What is the point numbering system? How do you represent moves?
What does a game transcript look like? What do the asterisks mean? What do the parentheses mean? Backgammon is a game of odds and calculation, but it's also a game of patterns and vision.
Because it is played with dice, many people think of backgammon as a gambling game. Backgammon is often played for money, but it is certainly not a game of luck.
There is a surprising amount of skill in the game. Backgammon is an easy game to learn. It's fast-actioned, and fun to play either face-to-face on a real board or over the Internet.
You will spend many enjoyable years learning and improving at this game. That's not true. It's essentially a game of patterns, a visual game, like chess.
When I win I can claim it's due to my good skill. When I lose I can claim it's due to my bad luck. A backgammon board. Thirty counters or checkers in two colors, fifteen of the same color for each player.
A pair of dice numbered from 1 to 6. For convenience, two pairs of dice one pair for each player is best.
A dice cup , for shaking and rolling the dice. Again, it is better to have two dice cups. A doubling cube for keeping track of the stakes of the game.
See WHAT IS A DOUBLING CUBE? Q: How do you set up the board? There are two ways to set up a backgammon board, both really the same. The first illustration shows the setup when you are plaing White and your checkers move counterclockwise around the board.
Red's checkers go in the opposite direction. Both players bear off to the right; you at the lower-right, your opponent at the upper-right.
The second illustration shows the setup when your checkers move clockwise around the board. Red's checkers go in the opposite direction, and both players bear off to the left.
Notice when you bear off to your right, your opponent will be bearing off to their left, and vice versa. Q: Who goes first? Backgammon experts agree there are a few strategies that can help a person win a game, but those strategies must be learned and manipulated throughout the course of playing the game.
Some of the strategies include learning how to build a "wall" of game pieces, "closing" the home board, and placing "anchors" in particular spots on the board.
It is common for a typical backgammon game to be very short, lasting only a few minutes. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Archived from the original on Retrieved Tables games.
In State of Oregon v. Barr , a court case pivotal to the continued widespread organised playing of backgammon in the US, the State argued that backgammon is a game of chance and that it was therefore subject to Oregon's stringent gambling laws.
Paul Magriel was a key witness for the defence, contradicting Roger Nelson, the expert prosecution witness, by saying, "Game theory, however, really applies to games with imperfect knowledge, where something is concealed, such as poker.
Backgammon is not such a game. Everything is in front of you. The person who uses that information in the most effective manner will win.
Walker concluded that backgammon is a game of skill, not a game of chance, and found the defendant, backgammon tournament director Ted Barr, not guilty of promoting gambling.
Early Muslim scholars forbade backgammon. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play of backgammon. A backgammon chouette permits three or more players to participate in a single game, often for money.
One player competes against a team of all the other participants, and positions rotate after each game.
Chouette play often permits the use of multiple doubling cubes. Backgammon clubs may also organize tournaments.
Large club tournaments sometimes draw competitors from other regions, with final matches viewed by hundreds of spectators.
Winners at major tournaments may receive prizes of tens of thousands of dollars. Starting in January , tournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.
The first world championship competition in backgammon was held in Las Vegas , Nevada in Tim Holland was declared the winner that year and at the tournament the following year.
For unknown reasons, there was no championship in , but in , Tim Holland again won the title. The competition remained in Las Vegas until , when it moved to Paradise Island in the Bahamas.
In , Lewis Deyong, who had promoted the Bahamas World Championship for the prior three years, suggested that the two events be combined. By the 21st century, the largest international tournaments had established the basis of a tour for top professional players.
Major tournaments are held yearly worldwide. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" tournament held in the Bahamas in January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date.
The event was recorded for television in Europe and aired on Eurosport. The World Backgammon Association WBA  has been holding the biggest backgammon tour on the circuit since , the "European Backgammon Tour"  EBGT.
In , the WBA collaborated with the online backgammon provider Play65 for the season of the European Backgammon Tour and with "Betfair" in When backgammon is played for money , the most common arrangement is to assign a monetary value to each point, and to play to a certain score, or until either player chooses to stop.
The stakes are raised by gammons, backgammons, and use of the doubling cube. Backgammon is sometimes available in casinos. Before the commercialization of artificial neural network programs, proposition bets on specific positions were very common among backgammon players and gamblers.
The game is included in Clubhouse Games: 51 Worldwide Classics for the Nintendo Switch , a collection of tabletop games.
Backgammon software has been developed not only to play and analyze games, but also to facilitate play between humans over the internet.
Dice rolls are provided by random or pseudorandom number generators. Real-time online play began with the First Internet Backgammon Server in July ,   but there are now a range of options,  many of which are commercial.
Backgammon has been studied considerably by computer scientists. Neural networks and other approaches have offered significant advances to software for gameplay and analysis.
The first strong computer opponent was BKG 9. It was written by Hans Berliner in the late s on a DEC PDP as an experiment in evaluating board game positions.
Early versions of BKG played badly even against poor players, but Berliner noticed that its critical mistakes were always at transitional phases in the game.
He applied principles of fuzzy logic to improve its play between phases, and by July , BKG 9. It won the match 7—1, becoming the first computer program to defeat a world champion in any board game.
Berliner stated that the victory was largely a matter of luck, as the computer received more favorable dice rolls. In the late s, backgammon programmers found more success with an approach based on artificial neural networks.
TD-Gammon , developed by Gerald Tesauro of IBM , was the first of these programs to play near the expert level. Its neural network was trained using temporal difference learning applied to data generated from self-play.
Tesauro proposed using rollout analysis to compare the performance of computer algorithms against human players. The rollout score of the human or the computer is the difference of the average game results by following the selected move versus following the best move, then averaged for the entire set of taken moves.
Neural network research has resulted in three modern proprietary programs , JellyFish,  Snowie  and eXtreme Gammon,  as well as the shareware BGBlitz  and the free software GNU Backgammon.
The strength of these programs lies in their neural networks' weights tables, which are the result of months of training. Without them, these programs play no better than a human novice.
For the bearoff phase, backgammon software usually relies on a database containing precomputed equities for all possible bearoff positions.
Computer-versus-computer competitions are also held at Computer Olympiad events. The history of backgammon can be traced back nearly 5, years to its origins in Mesopotamia modern-day Iraq.
The Royal Game of Ur from BCE may also be an ancestor or intermediate of modern-day table games like backgammon. It used tetrahedral dice.
Various other other board games spanning from the 10th to 7th centuries BCE have been found throughout modern day Iraq, Syria, Egypt and western Iran.
Today the game in various forms continues to be commonly played in Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt, Syria, Jordan throughout the Arab world.
In the modern Arab Levant and Iraq, the game is commonly called tawle , which means table. This may represent a shared name origin with the Roman or Byzantine variant of the game.
It is also commonly referred to by shesh besh shesh meaining six in Hebrew , Aramaic and Northwest Semitic , and besh meaning five in Turkish , amongst Arabs as well as by some Kurdish, Persian and Turkish speakers.
Shesh Besh is commonly used to refer to when a player scores a 5 and 6 at the same time on dice. Perseguido , es otra variante del backgammon donde se colocan frente a frente cada jugador y se deben sacar las fichas.
De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre. Archivado desde el original el 22 de julio de Consultado el 27 de julio de Control de autoridades Proyectos Wikimedia Datos: Q Multimedia: Backgammon Identificadores GND : NDL : AAT : Diccionarios y enciclopedias Britannica : url.Backgammon is a game for 2 players that you play with checkers and dice on a backgammon board. Basically, backgammon is a race game, where you need to bring all your checkers in one particular part of the board faster than your opponent. A backgammon is a win with the same premise as a gammon, but the opponent also has one or more of their checkers in the winner’s home area. In a regular game, backgammon is worth three points. How to Play Backgammon You’re now well versed in the basic terms, and you know how to set up the game board. Backgammon is a game played by two players, each with fifteen checkers, on a board consisting of 24 narrow triangles called point. The players move their checkers around the board according to rolls of the dice and the first player to get all their checkers off is the winner. Backgammon is a member of the tables family, one of the oldest classes of board games. Backgammon involves a combination of strategy and luck (from rolling dice). While the dice may determine the outcome of a single game, the better player will accumulate the better record over a series of many games. Backgammon is one of the oldest known boardgames. The object of the game is to move your pieces along the board's triangles and off the board before your opponent does. There are a few different ways that this game is played. New Game Rules About Options Multiplayer Poker Promotions. Video WATCH NOW. Q: What is the ace-point? Co-authors: Views Read What Is Backgammon View history. Enthusiasts have formed clubs for social play Lasseters Casino Online backgammon. The bar is where you place checkers after they have been hit. Q: What are cocked dice? The ace-point is another name for the one-point, the last point you Apfellinge move your checkers to before bearing them off. That's not true. Where can I get complete rules? The rules are pretty Caesar Windsor Seating Chart to the one we still use today, but without any references to the doubling cube. Red's checkers go in the opposite direction, and both players bear off to the left. If the opponent has not yet borne off any checkers and has some on the bar or in the winner's home board, the winner scores Ontario Lotto Corp backgammonwhich counts for triple stakes. PartyGaming sponsored the first World Series of Backgammon in from Cannes and later the "Backgammon Million" Committed held in the Bahamas Club Player Casino Reviews January with a prize pool of one million dollars, the largest for any tournament to date. Because it is played with dice, many people think of backgammon as a gambling game. Backgammon Tables Players. The first moves of a backgammon game are the opening movescollectively SinglebГ¶rse Vergleich to as the opening, and studied in the backgammon opening theory. Starting in Januarytournament directors began awarding GammonPoints,  a free points registry for tournament directors and players, with GammonPoint awards based on the number of players and strength of field.